The Coliseum or the Colosseum, originally referred to as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre situated in the central area of Rome, Italy. It is viewed as one of the most popular works of Roman Engineering and Roman Architect. It was under the rule of the emperor Vespasian that the construction of this architectural wonder started in 72 AD. The construction of the Coliseum was completed under the rule of Titus in 80 AD. Certain modifications were made to the structure under the regime of Domitian (81 AD to 96 AD).

It is believed that the name Colosseum has been derived from a colossal statue of the Roman emperor Nero. The Coliseum can seat as many as 50,000 spectators. In addition to being used for gladiatorial contests, it was used for public spectacles like Classical mythology-based dramas, re-enactment of famous battles, executions, animal hunts and mock sea battles. In the early medieval era, the coliseum cased to be used for the purpose of entertainment. However, it was later reused as a Christian shrine, a quarry and a fortress.

Today, the Colosseum has become a prominent tourist destination in Rome and attracts thousands of visitors from across the world every year. It also figures in the list of New 7 Wonders of the World.

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